clindamycin hydrochloride

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influence their interaction with clindamycin hydrochloride

Number of visits:1054 Date:2016/1/29 2:24:44
Unraveling new features of clindamycin hydrochloride interaction with functional ribosomes and dependence of the drug potency on polyamines.

The effect of spermine on the inhibition of peptide-bond formation by clindamycin hydrochloride, an antibiotic of the Macrolide-Lincosamide-StreptograminsB family, was investigated in a cell-free system derived from Escherichia coli. In this system peptide bond is formed between puromycin, a pseudo-substrate of the A-site, and acetylphenylalanyl-tRNA, bound at the P-site of poly(U)-programmed 70 S ribosomes. Biphasic kinetics revealed that one molecule of clindamycin hydrochloride, after a transient interference with the A-site of ribosomes, is slowly accommodated near the P-site and perturbs the 70 S/acetylphenylalanyl-tRNA complex so that a peptide bond is still formed but with a lower velocity compared with that observed in the absence of the drug. The above mechanism requires a high temperature (25 degrees C as opposed to 5 degrees C). If this is not met, the inhibition is simple competitive. It was found that at 25 degrees C spermine favors the clindamycin hydrochloride binding to ribosomes; the affinity of clindamycin hydrochloride for the A-site becomes 5 times higher, whereas the overall inhibition constant undergoes a 3-fold decrease. Similar results were obtained when ribosomes labeled with N1-azidobenzamidinospermine, a photo-reactive analogue of spermine, were used or when a mixture of spermine and spermidine was added in the reaction mixture instead of spermine alone. Polyamines cannot compensate for the loss of biphasic kinetics at 5 degrees C nor can they stimulate the clindamycin hydrochloride binding to ribosomes. Our kinetic results correlate well with photoaffinity labeling data, suggesting that at 25 degrees C polyamines bound at the vicinity of the drug binding pocket affect the tertiary structure of ribosomes and influence their interaction with clindamycin hydrochloride.
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