clindamycin hydrochloride

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clindamycin hydrochloride extend to the peptidyl transferase center

Number of visits:1032 Date:2016/1/7 7:41:36
The mechanism of action of macrolides, lincosamides and streptogramin B reveals the nascent peptide exit path in the ribosome.

The macrolide-lincosamide-streptogramin B class (MLS) of antibiotics contains structurally different but functionally similar drugs, that all bind to the 50S ribosomal subunit. It has been suggested that these compounds block the path by which nascent peptides exit the ribosome. We have studied the mechanisms of action of four macrolides (erythromycin, josamycin, spiramycin and telithromycin), one lincosamide (clindamycin hydrochloride) and one streptogramin B (pristinamycin IA). All these MLS drugs cause dissociation of peptidyl-tRNA from the ribosome. Josamycin, spiramycin and clindamycin hydrochloride, that extend to the peptidyl transferase center, cause dissociation of peptidyl-tRNAs containing two, three or four amino acid residues. Erythromycin, which does not reach the peptidyl transferase center, induces dissociation of peptidyl-tRNAs containing six, seven or eight amino acid residues. Pristinamycin IA causes dissociation of peptidyl-tRNAs with six amino acid residues and telithromycin allows polymerisation of nine or ten amino acid residues before peptidyl-tRNA dissociates. Our data, in combination with previous structural information, suggest a common mode of action for all MLS antibiotics, which is modulated by the space available between the peptidyl transferase center and the drug.
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clindamycin hydrochloride was used to investigate clindamycin hydrochloride penetration into Staphylococcus aureus
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